Major Accomplishments

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Pocahontas is historically famous because she saved the life of the English Captain John Smith. That was certainly a noble deed but there are other Pocahontas major accomplishments that speak volumes about her life and who she was, how she perceived the world and what she did for her tribe.
Here are some Pocahontas major accomplishments.

1. Born in 1595 in Werowocomoco.

Pocahontas was the one of the hundred children of the tribal leader Powhatan. She grew up in Eastern Virginia and was reportedly the favorite child of her father. Born as Matoaka, Pocahontas took a different approach from other tribes and leaders in the New World when English colonialists and settlers started exploring Virginia. When the first group of settlers established the colony of Jamestown, they struggled to build their homes, to find food and basically to survive. Pocahontas helped the colonists to find supplies.

2. It was during one of her visits to Jamestown when she got introduced to Captain John Smith.

He learned the local language and the ways of the tribe. Pocahontas had reportedly developed an interest in Captain Smith, although there is little evidence suggesting any romantic relationship. It is believed that Pocahontas saved the captain from execution.

3. When Powhatan slaughtered the settlers after Captain Smith’s return to England, Pocahontas was asked to stay with the Patawomeke tribe.

As Powhatan went on his rampage, the English colonialists led by one Captain Samuel Argall came up with a plan to kidnap her. They succeeded in their plan and held her as a captive. However, reportedly she was treated well and it was onboard a ship where she was held captive where she learned about Christianity. Pocahontas was eventually christened in 1614. It is debated whether she accepted Jesus or she was compelled to convert in captivity.

4. Ended up in a relationship and subsequent marriage to John Rolfe.

If her relationship with John Rolfe during her captivity, subsequent marriage and having a son soon after is to go by then Pocahontas indeed had the free will to convert or to reject Christianity. The Pocahontas story became popular after she went to England with John Wolfe and their son Thomas. She came to know that Captain Smith was alive. She blended in the social circles of London. She met the king and queen. She became a toast for the elite of London in a way. She attended dances and banquets and it is obvious that her stories became popular all across England.

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Nikola Tesla has been called a genius. There are people who have called him insane. Many have hailed him as a pioneer, scientist and thinker par excellence. Many consider some Nikola Tesla major accomplishments as glorified myths. Nikola Tesla was one of the most fascinating minds in human history. There’s no doubt about that.

It is well documented how he was hounded by governments in collusion with various industries that were terrified at some of his path breaking and noble revelations. The man who amassed a fortune died in poverty. He is presently an inspiration for the entire scientific community and even consumers of the world. Here are some Nikola Tesla major accomplishments.

1. He developed the concept of alternative current.

Thomas Edison, with the backing from GE, managed to make the world believe that direct current was safe and that alternate current was completely unsafe. A hundred years and a decade later, we are using alternating current in most of our energy applications.

2. Tesla was the first to develop fluorescent bulbs.

The industry managed to invent those bulbs some forty years later. Tesla also developed the world’s first neon signs. He also floated the theory that electricity can be generated using the earth’s magnetic field.

3. The first x-ray.

Tesla is not credited with the invention of x-ray but he did come up with the first of its kind understanding of how photography can be used along with ionizing radiation and electromagnetism to explore what we cannot see with our naked eyes.

4. Who invented the radio?

Radio was invented by Guglielmo Marconi. That’s what people believed for a long time before the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Tesla that Marconi did not invent the radio. In fact, Tesla invented it two years earlier. However, Marconi did develop a long distance radio transmission system. Interestingly, Marconi’s financial and lobbying clout managed to win the reversal of the Supreme Court verdict.

5. Tesla took the radio technology further and developed the use of remote control.

It was not the remote control that we use today for television. Tesla developed a boat that could be controlled remotely. Imagine a drone if you like.

6. Nikola Tesla invented the first electric motor.

His motor has found its way into automobiles, fans, consumer electronics, home appliances and an array of industrial equipment.

7. No boundaries for Tesla moving onto wireless technology.

Tesla developed the first laser, wireless communication and the wireless transmission of energy, although the latter did not become a reality during his lifetime. Some say that it did.

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Few 20th century figures are more controversial than Mao Zedong. This was a man who essentially ruled China with an iron fist for a number of decades. He accomplished a great deal, over the course of his long life. Whether these accomplishments are good or bad can depend mightily on who you ask. However, to most individuals and historians, Mao Zedong was a cruel, monstrous figure. In order to decide for yourself, you are going to want to consider the major accomplishments of his life.

1. He Was Born Into Comfortable Circumstances

Although Mao Zedong would later become a popular revolutionary, he was born into fairly comfortable circumstances. Born in China’s Hunan Province in 1893, Mao’s parents were some of the wealthiest farmers in the region. However, going back to Zedong’s strong resistance to the Confucius-based teachings of his primary school and elsewhere, there is no question that Mao Zedong was not someone who was going to settle.

2. He Was Originally Going To Be A Teacher

Mao Zedong was a voracious reader, over the course of his youth, and later on into other aspects of his adult life. He was particularly fond in works of classical liberalism, as well as the best-selling novels of the day. After completing primary and secondary education, Mao Zedong enrolled in a teacher-training college. At this point, he began reading radical newspapers that were available at the school. Before long, he was contributing writings of his own.

3. He Began Building Connections

By the time he graduated from the teacher-training college, Mao Zedong was deeply immersed in revolutionary thoughts, groups, and practices. It was his belief that China needed to do away with their old-fashioned, autocratic ways, and embrace ideas and concepts more closely related to Western ideals. As time went on, he began to look for ways in which the Marxism of Lenin could be combined with traditional Chinese philosophies. He also began to amass a strong, dedicated following.

4. He Became More Active In The Communist Community

By the early 1920s, Mao Zedong had already accomplished a great deal as a radical thinker. He had organized groups, put out magazines espousing his viewpoints, and made considerable demands of his government and his people. He became more deeply involved in the Communist Party of China. After doing so, he established the Self-Study University. He made revolutionary materials available to everyday people. He also had numerous textbooks replaced with works by notable Communist thinkers.

5. He Saw Potential In The Peasants

The Communist Party of China did a number of things, in order to add to their stature and power. One of the most important things they did was establish an alliance with the KMT democrats. This would become a tricky relationship later on. Initially, it seemed to do a good job of serving everyone’s interests. At the same time, Mao begin to see considerable potential in using the peasants to create a powerful, nationalized Communist community.

6. He Endured The Communist Purge

A serious rift with the KMT led to a massive purge of Communists throughout China. This caused Mao and others to flee to the Jinggang Mountains of Jiangxi. Utilizing communities in the region, as well as his own fervent belief in Communism, Mao would establish the Soviet Republic of China. He became Chairman of this group, and began to gain considerable power and influence. Based on his earlier experiences, Zedong understood that he could get the power and support he needed from the farmers and others.

7. He Initiated The Long March

As government forces began to close in on Mao and his Communist party, Mao went on the defensive. It was during this time that he had initiated what would become known as The Long March. This march lasted for over twelve months, and it consisted of over 100, 000 people who supported Mao. Over the course of this staggering journey, tens of thousands died. There were very few left by the end.

8. He Rose To Power

Alliances, World War 2, and civil war all conspired to make Mao Zedong more and more powerful. During this period in which Zedong held power, numerous events occurred. Mao would be credited with raising the importance of women, promoting education, improving health resources, and much more. At the same time, we cannot forget that Mao was responsible for the deaths of millions. Further individuals were tortured and imprisoned, particularly if they disagreed with Mao.

9. The Great Leap Forward

Mao’s Great Leap Forward was designed to dramatically improve state production of agriculture and industry. What it wound up doing was costing millions of lives. Famine and poor harvests wound up crippling the country economically. Zedong briefly lost power.

10. The Cultural Revolution

Upon returning to power, Zedong implemented the Cultural Revolution. This event continued even after his death, and resulted in millions of deaths.

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The accomplishments of Lorenzo de Medici are notable and numerous. Not only was this man a leader of considerable power, but he was also an extraordinarily successful merchant, as well. Furthermore, the man was not just a successful poet. He also used his vast wealth and influence to function as a patron of artists and poets. In short, his life consisted of a great deal.

1. He Was Known As Il Magnifico

The accomplishments and talents of Lorenzo de Medici in his lifetime were so vast and impressive, people gave him a suitable nickname. He was known as Il Magnifico in his lifetime. There are a number of reasons as to why he might have been given this nickname. It would stand to reason that this came out of a combination of different things. In other words, it was a combination of his accomplishments and wealth. Truly, in his lifetime, his stature amongst his people was considerable.

2. He Was Born Into Chaotic Times

When Lorenzo de Medici was born, the major city-states that made up Italy were constantly in conflict with one another. Each of these city-states certainly believed that their singular significance was the greatest of all. Fierce political rivalries and/or economic rivalries were the norm for this era. It was into this period of time that Medici was born.

3. He Took Advantage Of His Wealth From The Start

Due to the fact that Medici’s father was seen by Medici’s grandfather as too weak for power and responsibility, the grandfather chose to focus his energies on Medici instead. As a result of this, and certainly because his family was wealthy and powerful, Medici had the opportunity to explore the finest education available. By a young age, he was extremely well-steeped in a variety of subjects.

4. He Began Writing From An Early Age

As a youth, Lorenzo de Medici took to writing. Given his background, and considering the time period, this certainly makes sense. Medici wrote poems and sonnets that were about numerous topics. Largely, they were about love. These poems and sonnets provided to be early indicators of the long relationship Medici would share with the arts, particularly with literature.

5. He Married Nobility

Taking advantage of his father’s advice, Lorenzo de Medici married Clarice Orsini. In doing so, his family created a powerful bond with one of the most respected, powerful families in the area. This union would prove to be beneficial for everyone involved on a variety of levels. If nothing else, it provided Medici with a foundation of power that would only become more significant with time.

6. He Took Over From His Dad

As mentioned before, Medici’s grandfather was concerned that Medici’s father Piero would pass at a young age. This prediction proved to be correct, as Medici’s father died while Medici himself was just twenty years ago. Upon the passing of his father, Medici was asked by a group of delegates to take up the influence his father had been wielding for a number of years. Without holding any actual public office, Medici would rule from behind the scenes. This was how his father ruled, as well as his grandfather.

7. He Significantly Increased His Power And Prestige

Right for the start, Lorenzo de Medici worked at the family business of increasing and maintaining power. His first major accomplishment in this arena involved a deal made with Pope Sixtus IV. The deal involved being given the opportunity to handle all of the papal finances. As one can imagine, this was a major coup for Medici and his family.

8. He Became Popular With The People Early On

In 1472, the area was facing a horrific potential famine. The harvest for that year was absolutely dismal, and it was not believed that anything or anyone could change that. Medici did indeed change that, by having tons of grain brought into the region. It was a costly move, but it was also a move that made him enormously popular.

9. He Threw Amazing Festivals

Believe it or not, but the fact that Lorenzo de Medici threw such spectacular festivals is definitely one of the great accomplishments of his life. The festivals would be put on at his own considerable expense. People loved him for it. They also loved the fact that these festivals brought together some of the most diverse, talented artists of that time period.

10. He Was A Shrewd Politician

Medici may not have held public office, but there is no question that he knew how to function and behave as an insightful, even cunning politician. At one point, he even gave away some of his power, which lead to the creation of the Council of Seventy. This only furthered his reputation as a man of the people.

These are just a few of the accomplishments Medici managed during his life.

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James K. Polk was the eleventh president of the United States of America. Born in Mecklenburg County in North Carolina, James Polk moved to Tennessee with his family. He graduated from the University of North Carolina and became a member of the bar in Tennessee. Here are some James Polk major accomplishments.

1. Became a member of the House of Representatives of Tennessee.

He became a member of the United States House of Representatives after serving two years in the state. He remained a member of the US House of Representatives for fourteen years of which the last four were as speaker. In 1839, Polk became the Governor of Tennessee.

2. A loyal supporter of Andrew Jackson.

Polk became the answer to a quandary for the Democrats. No Democrat had secured the two third votes to be nominated as the presidential candidate. He was only considered as a vice presidential nominee till then. Eventually he won the ninth ballot and became the first dark horse nomine in history.

3. Oversaw the annexation of New Mexico and California subsequent to the American-Mexican war.

He claimed Oregon from England and signed the treaty. Although he did not seek a second term, his acquisition of territories and leadership during the war had lead to him being referred to as the best president to have held office for one term.

4. Responsible for annexing New Mexico.

Polk’s annexing New Mexico is historically significant because the relation with Mexico was in jeopardy after Texas was annexed to the US by former President John Tyler. It was the annexation of Texas and border disputes along the Rio Grande River that led to the war with Mexico. President Polk led the American forces to victory against the Mexican troops in California in 1847.

5. Signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in February 1848.

The treaty fixed Rio Grande as the border. The United States gained Nevada and California. This was much more land than what the US had bargained for initially. Polk is credited to have acquired more land than any other president after Thomas Jefferson. For the land annexed to the United States, the government paid $15 million to Mexico. The acquisition of land halved the size of Mexico.

President James K. Polk had an eventful first term. He did not run for a second term and died three months after the term ended.

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The Age of Discovery is one of the most significant phases in human history. It not only led to the discovery of new continents and people, cultures and riches. It also paved the way for the modern world, including its merits and demerits. Prince Henry was one of the earliest initiators of the age of discovery. He along with a few others is credited to having pioneered the spree of expeditions that eventually led to the discovery of the entire New World. Henry the Navigator is also credited to have founded the first navigation school in the world. Here are some Henry the Navigator major accomplishments.

1. Prince Henry was not a navigator or explorer by choice or passion.

He was born to a royal family but he was not in accession to the throne. He would have never become a king in Portugal. His aspirations to become a king led him to conceive expeditions that could find him land of his own that he could rule. In the process, Prince Henry commissioned expeditions to North Africa, primarily in search of land but also in search of riches so he could be wealthier and a more prosperous king. While he did not embark on such explorations, he commissioned them and in a way contributed to the formation of the slave industry. His slave trading missions to and from Africa paved the way for the spread of the practice.

2. He was more than a champion of commissioning explorations.

He defeated Muslim forces as a young man in the Battle of Ceuta and helped Portugal to establish the first permanent military presence by any European kingdom in North Africa.

3. Sailed along the West Coast of Africa in a bid to find India.

He did not venture out after this voyage but his commissioned explorations led to the founding of many new lands. An expedition commissioned by him brought back gold dust from Africa. Trading in African slaves became a flourishing business and silenced his critics who were against spending money on expeditions that bore little fruit.

4. Explored North Africa, West Coast of Africa, the Canary Islands and Sierra Leone.

His steadfast progress in exploration despite having little navigational experience or firsthand exposure to the unexplored Atlantic led the English, Spanish and Italians to set sails. It would be a matter of time before Europeans set foot on the New World.

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Francisco Coronado, born as Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, was a Spanish Explorer who is best known for being among the first Europeans to find and explore the Grand Canyon. At the time when Coronado became a conquistador, there were numerous rumors and gossips. There were stories of riches to be found in the New World. There were stories about a city of gold. From the southernmost tip of South America to the Hudson River and Newfoundland as well as beyond the New World out towards the vast stretches of the Pacific, there were reportedly riches of immeasurable value. Francisco Vazquez de Coronado wanted to find the Seven Cities of Gold. That pursuit led to several Francisco Coronado major accomplishments.

1. Coronado was a young explorer when he got to New Spain, which is now Mexico.

He was born to an aristocratic family. His father held several government positions and he had influential friends. He secured a government job and succeeded in wooing the daughter of a rich and powerful man, the colonial treasurer, in New Spain. As he settled in present day Mexico, he became the Governor of New Galicia, then known as Nueva Galicia. During that time, he heard stories of lands of precious gems and gold, ala the cities of gold. The rumors pointed towards present day Texas and further north. That sowed the seed for Coronado to become a conquistador.

2. Coronado commissioned an expedition to explore the authenticity of the gossips.

Friar Marcos de Niza, one of the two men he had sent returned with stories of Cibola, the city of gold. Coronado was told that the city of gold was on a high hill and was very wealth. He joined hands with Antonio de Mendoza, the then Viceroy, and set out on an expedition. They took three hundred Spanish soldiers and approximately two thousand Mexican Indians and traveled up the west coast. They reached Sinaloa River, explored the Yaqui River, reached Rio Sonora, the preset day San Pedro and eventually to Cibola. Only, it was an ordinary village and not a city of gold.

3. Coronado was disappointed but he continued his quest farther.

He explored parts of Kansas and Oklahoma before returning to Nueva Galicia. He was the governor of Nueva Galicia till 1544. Although a complete failure, his expedition did take the Europeans to Kansas, Grand Canyon and the Colorado River. His expedition has since become historically significant.

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Duke Ellington was one of the greatest jazz musicians of all time. A noted pianist, bandleader and composer of unparallel prowess, Duke Ellington had a humble beginning and scaled the echelons in the mercurial world of music. Here are some of Duke Ellington major accomplishments.

1. Duke’s Early Career Was Not Very Promising

As a young artist, he accompanied his band member and drummer Sonny Greer to join New York’s Wilber Sweatman Orchestra. They quit and formed their own band. They moved back to Washington D.C. and struggled for a while. They got to play in Atlantic City and the limited exposure they got earned them a gig at Exclusive Club in Harlem. The band was then known as ‘Elmer Snowden and his Black Sox Orchestra’ which changed to ‘The Washingtonians’. It took Duke and his fellow band mates a while to get noticed. By 1924, Duke Ellington had composed eight records, one of which was ‘ChooChoo’.

2. Has Not Received Composing Credits

He did not just receive composing credits for three of the eight records but also got noticed. Within a year, Duke composed four songs and contributed to Chocolate Kiddies. Alongside these developments, Ellington grew his Kentucky Club Orchestra and started developing their own sound. It was Chocolate Kiddies that introduced Europeans to a different style of music and performance. Although people called it jazz, Duke Ellington liked to call his style ‘American Music’.

3. Signed An Agreement with Irving Mills

Within two years of his first records being produced and released, Duke Ellington signed an agreement with Irving Mills, an influential agent and publisher of the time. Over the following year, Duke got Mills to record his compositions prolifically and he eventually managed to bag a weekly radio broadcast as well as an opportunity to be the house band at Cotton Club in Harlem. The former got him national exposure.

4. Made it Through the Great Depression

Duke Ellington and his orchestra braved through the Great Depression despite more than nine out of ten artists being compelled to quit. Duke and his orchestra managed to stay afloat courtesy the radio show and the popularity was further maintained by tours. Duke came up with some amazing compositions during this time. Some notable ones are ‘Solitude’, ‘Mood Indigo’, ‘Sophisticated Lady’ and ‘In a Sentimental Mood’.

5. Grammy Award Winner

Ellington’s final compositions were ‘In the Beginning God’, ‘Second Sacred Concert’ and ‘Third Sacred Concert’. His autobiography was published in 1973. He called it ‘Music Is My Mistress’. He won nine Grammies while alive and three posthumously.

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Dorothea Lynde Dix was one of the most influential social reformers of the nineteenth century. She was born on 4th April, 1802, in the state of Maine. Daughter of Joseph Dix and Mary Bigelow, Dorothea Dix dedicated her life for the welfare, security and fair treatment of mentally disabled people. A teacher turned social activist, Dorothea Dix never married and relentlessly fought for the insane. Her only objective was to ensure that the insane get treated in a dignified manner, that their living conditions are humane and that they are not ostracized in any way.

1. Early Life of Dorothea Dix

Dorothea Dix was born to a dysfunctional family. She did not get the motherly care and her father was abusive. It was during her growing up years that she developed her sensitivity that would later get channeled in her fight against the inhuman conditions and inhuman treatment that were prevalent in mental institutions. People with psychological conditions were treated in a cruel and undignified manner back then. Her first stint with such mistreatment was at a local jail where she was supposed to teach the inmates but got exposed to the cruelties that were being inflicted upon those suffering from an array of mental health conditions. She made it her mission to ensure the welfare of those suffering from any type of mental, cognitive or psychological condition.

2. Early Career of Dorothea Dix

Dorothea Dix started a school in Boston, taught the neglected children of poor families and those who did not even have proper families. She published ‘Conversations on Common Things’ in 1824. In 1831, she started a girls’ school. Due to failing health, she went to England, recuperated and returned in 1841. She started working with the inmates, teaching them at a prison in East Cambridge. There, she witnessed that mentally challenged people were treated like criminals. They were kept in cells that were beyond imagination, the stink and lack of heat made the conditions unlivable.

3. Championing Rights of the Insane

Dorothea Dix wrote to the legislature of Massachusetts demanding the reformation of the living conditions of the mentally challenged and clinically insane. The report was titled ‘Memorial’ and it was presented by Senator Joseph Dodd. Her report was endorsed by many and there were quite a few who criticized the demands. She kept on writing letters. She came out with editorials. She was relentless in her pursuit till a bill was proposed and eventually passed as a piece of legislation in March, 1845.

Her fight did not end there. She went to Louisiana, studied how the insane were treated and kept there, she continued her journey to many other states and wrote her reports depicting how inhumanly the insane were treated. She was instrumental in setting up of the first state run mental hospital in Illinois. Her journey took her to North Carolina where she succeeded in influencing the formation of North Carolina State Medical Society. That led to the setting up of an institute in Raleigh in 1856. It was also named after her.

4. Superintendent of Army Nurses

Owing to her accomplishments and proven sensibilities, Dorothea Dix was inducted by the Union Army as the Superintendent of Army Nurses in 1861. She worked for four years and resigned after she could not come to terms with the way Army doctors worked.

5. Legacy of Dorothea Dix

History remembers Dorothea Dix as the most efficient, effective and accomplished champion of humanitarian reform in the United States of America. She was singlehandedly responsible in reforming the American mental institutions during the 19th century. She succeeded in compelling the legislatures to bring in reforms that saw the setting up of mental institutes and hospitals across the country, including New York, North Carolina, New Jersey and Maryland.

The life and legacy of Dorothea Dix are interesting pieces of modern history, especially American history. Very few social activists or civil rights champions had succeeded in accomplishing as much as her. Many movements and revolutions did not fructify until a much later generation. Whether it was abolition of slavery or voting rights for women, abolishing racial discrimination or the present minimum wage law, all major reforms have taken decades if not a century to come into effect. Dorothea Dix had achieved more than what most of her likes, in the past and after her, had accomplished.

Dorothea Dix did not have a very elaborate personal life. She had few friends and many acquaintances, most of whom were famous and endorsed her social work. She was engaged once but she wanted to focus on her social commitments and activism which led her to breaking up. She did not get married ever to keep up with her unwavering and relentless pursuit for the welfare of the insane. Dorothea Dix died at the age of eight five in 1887. She was honored by the United States Postal Service in 1983. They issued a Dorothea Dix Great Americans series postage stamp.

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As the wife of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., Coretta Scott King dedicated her life to following her husband’s ideology of having an equal world. Even though she was consistently tied to his campaign, she had her own ideas of making the world a more equal place. There are a variety of phenomenal accomplishments that are attributed to her.

1. Mediation and Peace and Justice Liaison

One of the most well known jobs that Coretta Scott King had, aside from assisting her husband with his movement, was being a mediator and liaison for peace and justice organizations around the world. She helped to bring the idea of equality to developing nations such as Ghana, which was large part of how the country obtained their independence in 1957. She was also a part of a pilgrimage in India in 1959.

2. Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change

Based in Atlanta, Georgia, following the assassination of her husband, Coretta Scott King established the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change. The idea for this foundation was as a result of the thousands of violent protests that ensued after her husband’s death. She reigned as the CEO and developed a large complex in the 80’s in the birthplace of her husband. She also developed a museum to keep the memory of their work alive throughout the coming years.

3. Commenting on Social Issues

One of the main concerns that Coretta Scott King had was that she didn’t just want to be known as the wife of one of the world’s most influential leaders. She continued to comment on prevalent social issues throughout the years, eventually becoming a regular commentator that you would see on CNN. She was also a renowned writer, developing stores in regards to her opinion on various social issues around the world.

4. Martin Luther King Day

She certainly did not take the work that her and her husband did lightly and decided that in his memory there should be a holiday dedicated to his legacy. There was a 15-year struggle for her to implement what we now know as “Martin Luther King Day”. By 1983 Ronald Reagan had agreed to make the birthday of Martin Luther King a national holiday in hopes that their fight for equality of all people would be remembered for all of the years to come.