As the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity, Constantine the Great will forever have a significant place in history. However, as you learn more about this remarkable figure, you’re going to discover that over the course of his life and rule, he accomplished a great deal. The more you learn about Constantine the Great, the more excited you are going to become about what he brought to Rome, and to history as a whole.
1. He Distinguished Himself In The Roman Army
After growing up in a privileged-but-restrained home, which included a fine education, Constantine made his way into the Roman army. Over the course of the next several years, he would distinguish himself as a warrior and leader of note.
2. He Witnessed The Persecution Of The Christians
It was during his time with the Roman army that Constantine witnessed the horrors of Christian persecution. He also saw the persecution of Diocletian during his time with the army. Both of these events would serve to have a major impact on the man. This impact would later be fully realized during his rule of the Roman empire.
3. He Survived Repeated Attempts On His Life
When Galerius took power, he saw both Constantine and his father as potential threats to his rule. It is believed that during this point in time, Galerius made several significant attempts on the life of Constantine. Obviously, he failed in all of these attempts. It is believed that the natural cunning and toughness of Constantine are the elements that allowed him to endure the torments/attempts of Galerius.
4. He Became Emperor
After fleeing with his father to Gaul in the Western Roman Empire, he was eventually named Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. After strengthening his hold over Spain, Gaul, and Britain, Constantine set to work on building roads, buildings, and other essentials. As time went on, he became increasingly powerful. He brought an end to Christian persecution, and established himself as a formidable, beloved leader. He began to conquer additional lands, strengthening his reserves to an even greater degree. Eventually, he took Rome, and became Emperor to the entire empire.
5. He Built Constantinople
It stands to reason that the greatest accomplishment of Constantine was the construction of the extraordinary city known as Constantinople. He built a number of impressive structures, over the course of his life. By far, the creation of the city was his greatest accomplishment in this particular area of interest.
When you look back on the accomplishments of people throughout history, some have made more of an impact than others. There have even been those that have overcome more obstacles to do so. Clara Barton was a woman living during a period of time when the rights of women were suppressed to a degree, but this did not stop her from making big contributions to society. It is time that you learned about the major accomplishments of Burton. Here are some of the major accomplishments of Clara Burton:
1. Civil War Contribution
When the Civil War took place in 1861, Burton was working in Washington DC at the time. There was an infantry that was attacked in the area and Burton did not waste any time providing aid. She brought supplies from her home to take care of those that were injured. This was something that cam naturally to her and she quickly determined that providing aid to others was her calling. Helping people that were in need gave her a sense of fulfillment and allowed Burton to feel that she was needed in some way. Providing aid during the civil war was just the beginning of her long career.
2. Red Cross
The Red Cross is still in existence today and provides medical supplies and care to those that are most in need. When a disaster strikes, it is the Red Cross that helps provide the aid that is given. Clara Barton’s biggest accomplishment is creating and establishing the Red Cross. When she started the Red Cross is was not the same organization that it is today, but she was the one that built it up to what it has become over the years. She became the president of the Red Cross when it was formed and was the person that helped to establish local chapters of the red Cross all over the country. This helps to provide more aid in the event of disaster.
3. Speaking on Aid
When Barton was growing up she was extremely shy, but she was able to overcome this shyness as time went along. She spent a good portion of her life traveling and speaking on the topic of aid and how organizations can work together to provide the aid that is required in the event of a disaster. She dedicated her life to those that were in need and those that needed a helping hand along the way.
As the first African American female pilot, there is little doubt that Bessie Coleman accomplished something extraordinary. At the same time, it is important to understand that she accomplished a great deal during her life. In other words, it is imperative to appreciate the life and career of Bessie Coleman on a level that goes beyond the basics.
1. She Was Encouraged To Fly By Her Brothers
Bessie Coleman came from a large family. Both of her brothers served in World War I in France. Bessie believed that she was destined for something great. It was simply a matter of finding that thing. One of her brothers mentioned that there was one thing the French women could do that she would never be able to do, and that was fly. Bessie Coleman decided then and there to become the first black woman to be a pilot.
2. She Had To Go To France
Unfortunately, Bessie Coleman found it impossible to find the training she needed to be a pilot in the United States. In order to get the training she required, she would have to make her way to France.
3. She Used Her Press Attention To Keep Going
After leaving for France and then returning to the United States, Coleman found that she was receiving a great deal of public attention. She used this attention to generate continued interested in her development as a pilot. After she completed an additional round of training, Coleman decided to begin performing throughout the United States.
4. She Performed All Over The Country
Over the course of the rest of her life, Bessie Coleman became an inspirational figure to people all throughout the United States, particularly young black girls. She also used her fame to deliver lectures in theaters throughout the country. Although she occasionally encountered hardships in the form of crashes and similar accidents, she refused to give up. Her dream was to one day have the opportunity to open up an aviation school.
5. She Stood Against Segregation
Bessie Coleman refused to be silent. As she became more and more famous for her extraordinary flying shows, she used the fame she acquired to speak out in her own way against things like segregation. Still a common practice at this point in time, Coleman routinely refused to perform shows for segregated audiences. She insisted that everyone come through the same gates and be seated together. Her legacy is one of courage, strength, and unshakable integrity.
Charles-Louis de Secondat, aka Baron de La Brede et de Montesquieu or Baron de Montesquieu, was a great French philosopher. Born at Chateau de la Brede in Aquitaine, France on 18th January, 1689, Montesquieu graduated from College of Juilly and Académie Française. Montesquieu grew up to become an author, jurist, political and social commentator. Through each of those roles that he donned, he left an unparallel philosophical imprint.
Montesquieu was born in an extremely interesting era. The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were the time when people across the world were experimenting with new ideas of governance. Freedom from monarchies and the need for the general people to have the power of governance were the seeds being sowed across Europe and the New World. Montesquieu was one of the principal thinkers of the era and helped shape the minds of innumerable people, including those who drafted the constitution of the United States.
1. A Brilliant Mind
Montesquieu studied sciences, literature and classical education. He attended the University of Bordeaux and studied law. He moved to Paris and started practicing. He became a councilor in the Bordeaux Parliament, got appraised to become the deputy president and attained an enviable social status. He was born to prosperous parents but he also managed to amass substantial wealth of his own in Paris.
2. The Spirit of the Laws
Very few authors have such a universal and philosophical impact on the world which doesn’t just change some people but leads to the evolution of governance, laws and eventually affects billions of people. Montesquieu started as writer with ‘Persian Letters’. It was published in 1721. The political and social satire highlighting the then French society was praised by the critics of the era. Over the next few years, Montesquieu published ‘Dialogue de Sylla et d’Eucrate’, ‘Reflexionssur la MonarchieUniverselle’ and ‘Le Temple de Gnide’.
Those were minor works that did not have much of an impact. By 1725, he chose to relinquish his political appointments. He was already representing the Academy of Bordeaux and the parliament. He resigned and left France to travel to Germany. He explored Italy, Austria and also traveled to England. He was influenced by the English political system. Upon his return to France in 1731, he started working on ‘The Spirit of the Laws’.
In three years, he published ‘Considerations on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decadence of the Romans’ in Holland and did so anonymously. He did not publish ‘The Spirit of the Laws’ in France until 1748. He was already mired in controversies by then so anonymity was more of a compulsion and not a choice. He further came out with ‘Défense de L’Esprit des Lois’ in 1750 that defended the contents of ‘The Spirit of the Laws’.
By 1751, ‘The Spirit of the Laws’ was banned by the Roman Catholic Church and was listed on the ‘Index of Forbidden Books’.
3. Political and Philosophical Influence
Baron de Montesquieu did not scale the echelons of political power and he did not become a very successful author financially. He had his endorsers or fans and he had his detractors and critics. With the church against him and many contemporary political influencers not in favor, Montesquieu did not have any clout of significance. But his works had a political and philosophical influence. ‘The Spirit of the Laws’ spoke of separation of powers.
Today, all democracies have executives, legislature, judiciary and an independent, free media. Some countries have executives or legislature interfering in the judiciary and vice versa but that is much fairer than having one opaque body of governors or lawmakers having absolute power. The U.S constitution and later the English governance system were both inspired by the ‘separation of powers’. All his works are considered scholarly in context of the Age of Enlightenment, which was the cultural movement in the 18th century. It was a time when reasoning was championed as a way of validating any thought, fact or reality. ‘Persian Letters’, ‘Defense de L’Esprit des Lois’, ‘Dialogue de Sylla et d’Eucrate’, ‘Le Temple de Gnide’ and ‘Reflexionssur la MonarchieUniverselle’ are all considered today to be scholarly works of Montesquieu.
4. The Legacy
Baron de Montesquieu inspired the likes of David Hume, a Scottish philosopher; Thomas Paine, an English-American political activist; Alexis de Tocqueville, a French political thinker and Hannah Arendt, a political theorist. Montesquieu advocated for political freedom of thought and expression.
Baron de Montesquieu died at the age of sixty six leaving behind an unfinished draft of ‘Encyclopedie of Diderot and D’Alembert’. His notebook entries dating from 1720 to 1755 have been compiled and published in a book called ‘Mes Pensees’. The book is available in English as ‘My Thoughts’. Today, Baron de Montesquieu is not only considered as one of the greatest philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment but one of the greatest of all time.
Andreas Vesalius accomplished a great deal, over the course of his extraordinary life in medicine and physiology. During his life, he made contributions that changed both of those fields forever. To consider where we stand in the present with both medicine and physiology, we must look to the accomplishments of Andreas Vesalius.
1. He Found Some Major Discrepancies In The Work Of Galen
In the writings of Galen, Andreas Vesalius found some major discrepancies. This was particularly true in terms of how Galen’s works compared to the actual human anatomy. Through his own research, Andreas Vesalius began to realize that the main problem could be found in the fact that most of Galen’s work and opinions came from animal dissections. Upon realizing this, Vesalius set to work on making vast corrections.
2. On the Structure of the Human Body, or De Corporis Fabrica.(1543)
In response to his research on the writings of Galen, Andreas Vesalius published a work entitled On the Structure of the Human Body, or De Corporis Fabrica. This work was designed to make fundamental corrections to the writings of Galen. On that front, the book was extremely successful.
3. He Changed The Way We Look At The Human Body
It was Vesalius who made the argument that in order to properly treat the human body, we needed to be more aware of the human body. This meant examining the body through examinations and dissections. More to the point, he argued that these things must be done repeatedly, in order to maintain the most accurate, compelling records possible. It is crucial to understand just how important this development was to the story of modern medicine.
4. He Became A Court Physician
One of the most important things Vesalius accomplished during his professional life was being appointed a court physician. He was appointed to the court of Margaret of Austria. What this means is that not only was a professional success for Vesalius, but that it also means he was very highly regarded in his era.
5. He Got A Pension
When Phillip took over the kingdom from his father Charles V, he was grateful to Andreas Vesalius. In fact, he was so grateful to the forty-one-year-old physician, he gave the man a lifelong pension. Even better, he granted title to Andreas Vesalius, who lived out the rest of his years in considerable comfort. He died a powerful man who was celebrated for his many contributions to the world of medicine.
Without a doubt, the accomplishments of the Zhou Dynasty were extraordinary. Ruling from approximately 1027-256 BCE, they controlled a significant amount of territory. The dynasty also gave way to some major achievements. As far as some historians and other individuals are concerned, this dynasty accomplished more than any other dynasty. While this is certainly up for debate, you can make the choice for yourself by considering some the major achievements of the Zhou Dynasty.
1. They Oversaw The Creation Of The Chinese Philosophies
As far as many people concerned, this is the greatest achievement of the Zhou Dynasty. Between late 500 and 400 BC, the development of many notable, crucial Chinese philosophies began to take hold. This list would include Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. These philosophers came about at a crucial time in Chinese history. At that point, there was a great deal of turmoil within the borders of this country.
2. They Refined The Calendar
One of the most impressive accomplishments with the Zhou Dynasty was what they did with the calendar. It was in this time that the Zhou Dynasty made some minor additions and refinements to the calendar of the time. These changes/improvements would have a vast of array of impacts upon the future.
3. They Opened The Door To Hydraulic Engineering
The reign of the Zhou Dynasty involve a wide range of accomplishments. Many of these accomplishments involve certain practices or ideas that would have significant influence over several different aspects of Chinese life. Although far more significant advancements would be made later on, there is no question that if the Zhou Dynasty had not been responsible for introducing hydraulic engineering, which proved to be enormously useful, those more significant developments would not have been possible.
4. They Were Responsible For The Compass
At some point during this important era of Chinese history, the compass was invented. While the time period in which this could have occurred is so vague, it stretches out over a century and change, it is almost certainly believed that the compass was created under the Zhou Dynasty era. There are a number of additional factories surrounding the era and this invention that you’ll want to keep in mind.
5. Established Feudalism
This is yet another major accomplishment of the era. Under this system, land is given in exchange for support. This support can be realized in a variety of ways, such as military or general loyalty. Nonetheless, this concept defined the era.
There have been many important figures throughout history that have made major contributions. William Lloyd Garrison is one of the more notable. He was a famous journalist that was different from the norm. His main goal was to write in a way and about issues that brought real change. It is important for you to understand more about the journalistic career of Garrison and the accomplishments that he had during his lifetime. Here is a brief overview of some of the major accomplishments of Garrison:
1. Speaking Against Slavery
Many of those that were the most vocal about the need to end slavery were those that were directly affected by slavery. Garrison was a white male, so he was not a slave, but he still spoke up about the injustice in a big way. He was a person that felt no one should have their rights taken away and he believed that rights should not be based on skin color. He lived during a time when slavery was accepted by many, but he was one of the few that stood up for the rights of all and was against slavery from the beginning.
Journalism has had many different forms throughout the years, but Garrison was one of the first journalists to give journalism a real purpose. He wrote on topics that he felt were important and those that needed to be highlighted. This means that his writing focused mainly on social issues that were most prominent at the time. there was no topic that was off limits and he was always looking to make people more informed and to shed light on topics that some people were not focused on. He never shied away from controversial topics and was not afraid to make his opinion known. He was one of the few that changed journalism and helped make it what it is today. Garrison wrote to make change happen.
He was the editor at the abolitionist newspaper known as the Liberator. This is a newspaper that helped to bring about real change and help spur on the abolitionist movement. As a white male, he was in the minority when it came to being in support of the liberator and being an editor. He was one of the few journalists at the time that would take this stance on the abolitionist movement. He never let fear stop him in any way.
Francis Drake was an English explorer. He is most famous for being the first English explorer to have circumnavigated the globe. Drake was born sometime around 1540. The exact birth date or year is not known. He was born at Tavistock in Devonshire, England. Before becoming an explorer and a prized knight of the Queen, he was a pirate, privateer and slave trader. Francis Drake is often hailed as the most influential explorers of the Elizabethan era. Here are some Sir Francis Drake major accomplishments.
1. Slave Trader & Privateer
Although it cannot be called an accomplishment, the life of Francis Drake as a slave trader and privateer did win him favors from the Queen when he was commissioned on official missions. As a slave trader, Drake would capture slaves from Africa and sell them in New Spain. As a privateer, he had his own ship and a small fleet which traded in goods after seizing merchant ships off the coast of France. He indulged in illegal slave trading as well at the same time.
2. A Commissioned Privateer of Queen Elizabeth
After working with his cousin and relatives, the Hawkins family, Drake became a commissioned privateer and got the license to look any property and resources that belonged to the Spanish King Philip II. During his stint as a commissioned privateer, Drake sailed to Panama. During an earlier voyage, he was stuck at a port in Mexico where he was wounded by the Spanish. It took him a while to recover and flee the port back to England. The incident had scarred him and he had grown bitter towards the Spanish. In Panama, Drake ransacked the town of Nombre de Dios. Although initially he failed to acquire the riches being dropped off by the Spanish ships and could not take over the town due to his injuries, he managed to recover from his wounds and amassed substantial quantities of silver and gold back to Plymouth.
3. First English Explorer to Circumnavigate the Globe
Drake’s mission in Panama was a grand success. He became a trusted explorer of Queen Elizabeth. Happy with his proven prowess, Queen Elizabeth commissioned Drake to sail out to the Pacific Coast, exploring Spanish colonies and finding a northwest passage to North America. Drake sailed out with five ships and headed straight down to South America. Drake managed to sail past the Strait of Magellan and reached the Pacific Ocean. Those who have studied the age of discovery would be aware of the many explorers who have tried to find the route to the Pacific. In those attempts, many explorers ended up exploring more of North America, Mexico and South America. Francis Drake had better understanding of the maps courtesy the accomplishments of previous explorers.
He sailed upwards along the western coast of South America and explored Chile, Peru and all the way to California and above. Along the way, Drake plundered many Spanish vessels and also ransacked a Spanish merchant ship, robbing it of all the bullion onboard. It is said that Drake managed to sail up to Oregon and even Alaska but that is a tad unfounded since there isn’t enough proof.
After exploring the western coast of North America, Drake set sail further westward and reached the Indian Ocean. He sailed further westward, reached the Cape of Good Hope and eventually reached Plymouth in England. This was the first documented and also the first ever circumnavigated voyage by any English explorer. Upon his return, Drake was knighted. Not only did he come to be known as Sir Francis Drake but he was also a wealthy man due to all the looted wealth.
4. Mayor of Plymouth
Sir Francis Drake became the mayor of Plymouth shortly after his circumnavigating voyage around the globe. He was also inducted into the House of Commons. Later, Drake went on to command a part of the Royal Navy and eventually became the vice admiral.
5. The Historic Defeat of the Spanish Armada
Circa mid 1580s, Sir Francis Drake was again commissioned by the queen to launch a series of raids on Spanish fleets and cities under Spanish occupation. Drake unleashed his wrath and inflicted irreparable damage on the Spanish, not materially but morally. King Philip II responded with an attempted invasion of England. As the massive armada started working on the invasion of England, Drake succeeded in raiding Cadiz and destroyed thirty ships and precious supplies worth thousands of tons. When the Spanish armada blocked the English Channel and the threats of an invasion loomed large, Sir Francis Drake and Lord Charles Howard fought a mighty battle that did not just defeat the Spanish but humiliated the perceived strength and dominance of the Spaniards in naval warfare. More than half of the fleet was destroyed and Spain sustained massive casualties. Sir Francis Drake died on 28th January, 1596 in Panama.
Although he is primarily known as the founder of the city of Quebec, Samuel de Champlain had an accomplished life. Over the course of several decades, this explorer accomplished a great deal. There is no question that any list of the most notable explorers in history must include this compelling historical figure.
1. He Learned Sea Navigation From The Very Best
Samuel de Champlain was born to a sea captain father. It was his father who taught him the basics of navigating the open seas. Obviously, this talent would prove to be immensely useful to the explorer later on in his life.
2. He Took Advantage Of A New Invention
As he got older, it was only natural that Champlain would follow in the footsteps of his father. He began taking part in several ocean voyages between 1599 and 1601. These trips took him to the Spanish colonies that had been established in North America at this point. It was also during this time that radar was invented. This invention proved to be immensely useful to travelers and explorers, in particular Champlain.
3. He Explored The St. Lawrence River
Around 1603, on behalf of his king, Samuel de Champlain left for Canada to explore the St. Lawrence River. This visit in particular would prove to be highly crucial to the development of Champlain as an explorer of note. Many of the events in his career that would serve to define his legacy came out of the experiences he had during this particular trip.
4. He Wrote Extensively About Niagara Falls
During his initial exploration of the St. Lawrence River region, Samuel de Champlain spent considerable time at Niagara Falls. He also wrote extensively about the beautiful area. His work in this regard led to an intense fascination with the region. His writings on Niagara Falls are considered to be one of the best examples of early travel writing.
5. He Established A Fur Trading Post
During 1608, Samuel de Champlain made his way back to Canada. The plan was to establish a fur trading post. After looking over the St. Lawrence River region, he settled upon a spot along the area. He decided to name the trading post Quebec. It would quickly establish itself as the first permanent settlement for New France. It was also during this time that Champlain would wage his first significant battle against the Iroquois. This conflict would begin a hostile relationship between colonists and natives that would last for over a century.
6. He Composed One Of The Earliest Known Accounts Of Native Americans
During a 1615 voyage to the interior of Canada, Champlain and the French assisted the Hurons in a battle against the Iroquois. During the conflict, Champlain took an arrow to the knee. In the aftermath, Champlain spent the winter as a guest of the Huron. It was during this time that Champlain wrote one of the earliest known accounts of Native American life. He brought a level of detail to his writing that no one had ever seen before.
7. He Continued To Write Extensively
Due to petty politics, Champlain found it difficult to secure the financial backing he needed to continue his exploration and settlement of Canada. Lawsuits and other undesirable elements made it impossible for Champlain to make his return to Quebec, as he would have liked. He used the time to write extensively of his travels. He also included maps and illustrations with these works. When he was finally reinstated as a lieutenant, Champlain made his return to Canada with his wife.
8. He Was Eventually Forced To Return To France
After being put in charge of the Company of 100 Associates, which was created to rule New France, Champlain had much to be pleased about. Unfortunately, the good times did not last for very long. It was during this time that England’s Charles I put out a commission to have the French displaced. The English were successful in attacking the French settlement, seizing all assets of note, and forcing Champlain to surrender. Upon doing so, he had no choice but to return to France.
9. He Was Able To Go Back
Eventually, Quebec was indeed returned to the French. Champlain returned to the region, and began to work to have the settlement rebuilt. He succeeded in these efforts. In fact, not only was he successful in rebuilding the settlement, but he actually managed to improve things on a variety of levels. For example, rather than using a wood exterior, he opted for a vinyl siding instead.
10. He Died Peacefully
Although Champlain was not formally established as governor, many people saw him as such. He was able to spend his final years enjoying a considerable measure of respect. He also dedicated his final years to additional writers. He would eventually suffer a major stroke and pass away in 1635.
Queen Hatshepsut accomplished an extraordinary amount, over the course of her remarkable life. She ruled during a time in which it was highly uncommon for females to occupy any significant position of power. Keeping this in mind is certainly going to give you a clear indication of how important this woman is to history.
1. She Was Born Into Royalty
As the daughter of King Thutmose I, there is no question that Hatshepsut was destined for a life of comfort and royalty. However, her family tree was not an inherent indication that she would be allowed to rule. This is important to note, as Hatshepsut would quickly rise to power at an extremely young age.
2. She Became Queen of Egypt
When her father died, Hatshepsut married her half-brother Thutmose II. They would have one son. When Thutmose II died at a relatively young age, their son took the throne. Naturally, Hatshepsut worked as the regent for her infant son. It fell to her to make decisions regarding affairs of stare, until such time as he could become the next ruler.
3. She Became A Pharaoh
Tradition had it that after the son came of age, the regent would step aside. However, Queen Hatshepsut made a move that would serve to surprise everybody. She would appoint herself the new Pharaoh, and she would go on to become the co-ruler of Egypt with Thutmose III. While there is a great deal of speculation as to why she made such a bold move, modern historians believe that it was because she wanted to save the throne for her son. It has been suggested that a significant threat to the throne emerged from rivals, and that something needed to be done to protect what her family had achieved.
4. She Proved Herself Over And Over Again
Not surprisingly, Queen Hatshepsut had to prove to everyone that she was entitled to the status of Pharaoh. She made it clear that her royal lineage ensured her position. She also sought to change her image by having herself portrayed as a man in the statues and paintings that were created during that time. Particularly in terms of the area known as Thebes, Hatshepsut put together a number of extremely ambitious building projects.
5. She Authorized Impressive Trading Ventures
In cooperation with the land known as Punt, Hatshepsut opened one of the most beneficial trading agreements of the era. Enormous riches were brought back to the lands as a result.