6 Pros and Cons of Becoming a Pharmacist

A pharmacist is a skilled medical work that assists doctors, physicians, dentists and other health professionals by dispensing medications to patients based on prescriptions. The job of a pharmacist can vary depending on the specific field of expertise. For example, some pharmacists work in a pharmacy setting dispensing drugs, but there are also pharmacists that choose to work in the field of pharmaceutical research. It is even possible for a pharmacist to gain employment marketing a specific medication for a large corporation. Even though there are many different types of employment that pharmacists can pursue, many in this field choose to work in drug retail or hospital settings.

Pros of Becoming a Pharmacist

1. Flexibility That Offers Stability.
One great benefits of pursuing this career path is that there are a number of different job opportunities available. Since a pharmacist can potentially work in a variety of different settings, there is room for advancement and flexibility to choose the setting that fits you best. Certified pharmacists have the freedom to choose the setting and work environment that they find most appealing.

2. Flexibility That Isn’t Matched in Other Professions.
This is not the case for every type of job in today’s market. This means that pharmacists have the advantage of choosing from a variety of work settings including retail drug stores, schools, colleges, nursing homes, hospitals and pharmaceutical companies. If job flexibility is something you are concerned with, becoming a pharmacist is the ideal career path for you.

3. Job Security.
Since there are so many different types of jobs available to qualified pharmacists, there is a lot of demand in this field. This means that pharmacists also have the luxury of job security. Technology is constantly evolving and new medications are being discovered on a daily basis. This means that the demand for pharmacists will only continue to increase overtime. This is a field that continues to grow and new jobs are developing daily for those with the proper education and credentials.

4. High Compensation.
Another big pro associated with becoming a pharmacist is the earning potential. The salary for a pharmacist varies based on the setting where they are employed, but the figure can range from $77,000.00 to $135,000.00 annually. This compensation is high, but the best part is that the workload is not as demanding. This means that pharmacists have the ability to earn a high salary with a workload that is less than most doctors and physicians. However, even though the workload is not comparable, the salary is.

Cons for Becoming a Pharmacist

Even though there are many benefits that can be gained by becoming a pharmacist, there are a few downsides that must be considered and acknowledged.

1. Education and Training Requirements.
Most professions require minimal schooling or training, but pharmacy is not one of these fields. A pharmacists must complete a high level of education and retain a doctorate degree. Clinical work training is also a part of the program and can be very demanding. The path to becoming a pharmacist is not easy and requires both dedication and effort. This means that you need to be aware of the educational and training requirements before you begin the program.

2. Work Conditions and Job Duties Vary Greatly.
Even though flexibility can be seen as a positive, the diversity in this field can be viewed as a downside to some. The working conditions pharmacists are exposed to and job requirements that are mandated vary based on setting where employment is gained. The job duties are not constant over the entire profession, which means that special training or further education might be required for certain job positions in this field.

What Does a Pharmacist Study?

Even though there are different career paths that a pharmacist can take, most of the coursework focuses on pharmacology. This is a curriculum that is centered on math, biology and chemistry. Wile some pharmacists are specialists and have a higher education in specified fields of study, a traditional pharmacist much graduate with a Doctor of Pharmacy from a university with approved accreditation. There are also two licensure exams that must be passed before an individual can have the required credentials to work as a qualified pharmacist within the legal guidelines.

Pharmacist in Retail Settings

A pharmacist that works in a retail setting has the job description of compounding drugs, ordering supplies and collaborating with doctors or physicians. Medications can only be dispensed to customers that have a valid prescription. A pharmacist is not legally allowed to give medications unless a prescription is shown unless a medication does not require a prescription. Not only does a pharmacist working in a retail setting dispense medications, but they also make sure that patients understand how to use the medications safely and are aware of any drug conflicts with certain medications.

Pharmacists in Hospital Setting

Pharmacists that choose to gain employment in the hospital setting have a slightly different job description than those that work in a retail setting. In a hospital, a pharmacist prepares medications, labels medications ands advises doctors on best medications for specific illnesses or conditions. There are even some hospital settings where the pharmacists will actually dispense medications directly to patients.

A Pharmacist Specializing in Research

Some pharmacists even choose to take a unique career path and focus their efforts more on research. Some research positions require additional education depending on the job. In most cases, a pharmacist working in a research setting is responsible for developing new drugs, testing drugs and studying how drugs are developed using specific safety measures.

Is This a Job Field With Opportunity?

The job of a pharmacist can range from dealing with customers to advising physicians. Since the job duties range so greatly, there are a number of different settings where a pharmacists could potentially gain employment. Before you decide if a career in pharmacy is ideal for you, it might be a good idea to take a look at the pros and cons. This will give you a greater understanding of what is expected within this field and how the job market is changing for people with this type of degree. Becoming a pharmacists requires a commitment to education, so you need to know if it is worth the effort before you begin pursuing this type of degree.

The Conclusion and Final Verdict

Even though there are both pros and cons associated with becoming a pharmacist, the good seems to outweigh the bad in terms of relevance and importance. Job flexibility, security and compensation matter more than the high amount of training and lack of daily routine that exists in this profession.

Becoming a pharmacist takes commitment, but the payoff is definitely worth it in the end. You have the freedom to choose where you want to work and can pick your own hours based on the setting that you choose. Having the ability to dictate where your career will take you is a huge advantage in today’s job market. Pursuing a career as a pharmacist is a great job opportunity for anyone with an interest in match and sciences. When the pros and cons are weighed against one another, the pros come out on top by a wide margin.

Difference Between Alpha Lipoic Acid and R Lipoic Acid

If you know a little bit about nutrition and about your own metabolism, you will know a little bit about lipoic acid, and how important it is for your well-being – or, at least, you have probably heard about it already. If we go a little more into detail about lipoic acid, we will be able to find two different forms of it.

We can see that there is the Alpha lipoic acid, and there is the R-lipoic acid. They are not the same, and the difference between these two isn’t very hard to understand but first, we need to go a little bit into what lipoic acid is so that we can better understand the difference.

Lipoic Acid

Essentially, lipoic acid is pretty much like a vitamin. It is a substance that the human body naturally produces, and it helps the body neutralize a different number of hazards as well as produce cellular energy. The acid has a lot of advantages to our body.

It Is possible to get your body to absorb lipoic acid through commercial products but these commercial products give you lipoic acid in different ways: alpha lipoic acid and R-lipoic acid. The difference between them is close to the difference between night and day, let’s elaborate.

These products have two major components: R and S (Rectus and Sinister, respectively). Simply put, the R is what our body naturally produces and as such, it is exactly what we need in order to get all of the advantages that lipoic acid gives us. On the other hand, S isn’t what is naturally produced and even though it’s there, it doesn’t really do a lot of things. Some people even consider S to be useless.

Alpha Lipoic Acid

Alpha lipoic acid consists of a mixture between R and S. This is a 50/50 mixture and it is widely available throughout the market because it is cheaper (due to the costs of S). But R-lipoic acid is made only out of R. It is usually around 10 times more expensive, but at the same time this is the component that is produced naturally in plants and animals, and as such the benefits of lipoic acid are in this component.

The S component is not natural and as such, the body has a little bit of difficulty absorbing it. Moreover, it is pretty much useless when absorbed and all its doing is just fill up space. The reason most manufacturers include it is that there is a market for it, and because it is a lot cheaper to make Alpha lipoic acid than to make R-lipoic acid.

This means that if you have money to spend, you should always go for R-lipoic acid instead of going for Alpha lipoic acid.

9 Pros and Cons of a Compounding Pharmacy

Compounding pharmacies are authorized to create specific doses of medication based on the advice and guidance of a doctor to meet patient needs. Instead of being forced to go to a drug manufacturer, the compounding pharmacy can create the needed medications independently so that distribution takes less time and patients have better access to the medicines that they need.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using this service? Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of a compounding pharmacy.

The Pros of a Compounding Pharmacy

1. The medications are often much cheaper for patients.
Compounding pharmacies charge much less for the medications that they create for patients because they are creating specific doses. This lets patients be able to have the specific prescription they need for improved health without decimating their budget to get it.

2. It gives patients access to discontinued medication.
Some drug manufacturers will stop mass producing medication because there isn’t a large enough need to make it profitable for them. That doesn’t mean the drug isn’t still needed, so the compounding pharmacy is able to step in and create the drug when needed. This means even if only 1 person on the entire planet needed a discontinued medication, they’d still be able to receive it.

3. Compounding pharmacies can make hypo-allergenic medications.
For those with specific health needs, such as needing a soybean-free capsule or a gluten-free tablet, compounding pharmacies are able to create drugs that don’t trigger allergies or intolerance problems. Personalized formulas become easier to make and the end result is a better overall level of health.

4. Bad flavors can be eliminated.
Children struggle to take certain medications because they taste so bad. Instead of parents holding down their child and popping the medication in to force it down, compounding pharmacies can create better tasting formulas that make the medication easier to accept. Size is also able to be adjusted here, making large pills smaller so they’re easier to take.

5. A different type of medication can be created.
Some people struggle to take pills. Others aspirate liquids. A compounding pharmacy can actually alter the structure of the medication so that pills can be put into a liquid suspension or liquids can be put into a pill or capsule form.

The Cons of a Compounding Pharmacy

1. There is a higher risk of contamination.
Compounding pharmacies are regulated a little differently than drug manufacturers are, which means there is a higher risk of medication contamination that may occur. Sterility is a major concern with these pharmacies and the FDA has warned several of them to improve their practices after a 2012 fungal meningitis outbreak that killed 64 people and made more than 700 people sick. 90% of the inspections that have occurred since 10/2012 have resulted in objectionable conditions.

2. Not everyone needs their services.
Compound prescriptions tend to be the most beneficial when children or someone with a specific health needs must have a unique dosing plan that is beyond what standard production lines provide. If a patient needs 0.75mg of an item, but it only comes in 0.5mg or 1g doses, then the compounding pharmacy makes it easier to take the medication because the needed dose can be provided.

3. They aren’t always covered by healthcare insurance.
Compounding pharmacies are generally able to lower the cost of the needed drugs, but they aren’t always covered by a healthcare insurance plan. This means that patients may need to pay more for their medications than they would if they were only paying for a co-pay, even with the cheaper costs.

4. It can be difficult to track drug recalls.
Because the medications are individually made for specific doses or because medications are rare, patients may not realize that what they’ve received has been recalled. Even with improved communication over the internet and other methods that are available, not everyone realizes that the medication came from a contaminated source because the labels are not always clear on the matter.

Are Compound Pharmacies An Integral Part Of The Modern Healthcare System?

If drug manufacturers stop making medications because it isn’t profitable for them, where do people turn? Without compound pharmacies, lives could be quickly placed at risk. Compound pharmacies that aren’t properly regulated may also put lives at risk. By weighing these pros and cons, each person can decide for themselves if taking medication from such a location is worth any potential risk.

Difference Between Prebiotic and Probiotic

The terms prebiotic and probiotic are often confused and many people use them interchangeably because they don’t know the difference. The bottom line though is that prebiotics are not probiotics.

What Makes Them Different?

Probiotics are live bacteria that is found in many dairy products and in pill form. They are primarily used to help regulate intestinal problems, but they are not as powerful as prebiotics. Stomach acids can kill off the good bacteria of probiotics, and they are ineffective once consumed.

Prebiotics are plant based fibers that help to nourish the bacteria that is already in your intestines. The body doesn’t absorb those fibers, but rather the fiber promotes the growth of the good bacteria that you already have in your stomach and intestines. These bacteria contain insulin to help you regulate blood sugars.


These are a plant based fiber that are considered to be dietary fiber. They are not effected by temperatures and are not ineffective once ingested. Good bacteria already found in the stomach, colon and intestines feed off these probiotics to become larger and more sustainable in the stomach. These good bacteria help to regulate the symptoms and flare ups of gastrointestinal conditions like Crohn’s Disease and Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Prebiotics have helped to strengthen the walls of the bowel, improves the absorption of certain vitamins and minerals and helps regulate hormone production in the body.


These are found in dairy products such as milk, cheese and yogurt and are good bacteria that promote a healthier gastrointestinal system. It is thought that by taking them in pill form or in cold foods they will not become ineffective since heat and high temperatures as well as stomach acid can make them ineffective. While they promote good health of the gastrointestinal system, other benefits are not known. It has shown to be an effective supplement for children with bowel problems, and other gastrointestinal complications.

How They Work

Simply put, probiotics are the good bacteria in the body that helps to regulate the digestive tract and gastrointestinal tract by regulating the growth and reproduction of harmful bacteria in these tracts. Prebiotics are carbs that are not digested by the body systems and become food the probiotic. Both of their primary functions are to help support good digestive tract and gastrointestinal tract health.

Good sources of probiotics are any dairy products, including all kinds of yogurt and most kinds of cheese. Many may say “live cultures” or “active cultures” on the packaging. Other good foods that contain high levels of probiotics include sourdough bread and sauerkraut. Good sources of prebiotics can be found in carbohydrate rich foods and others like asparagus, beans and legumes, and regular (not instant!) oatmeal. No food will contain both prebiotics and probiotics, although there are supplement pills that contain both.

When taking either of these, the most common side effects include a bloating feeling, minor discomfort in the stomach, intestinal gas, and in some cases a more frequent need to use the restroom. If you are pregnant or have serious medical conditions you should speak with your doctor before taking these supplements.

Difference Between L Carnitine and Acetyl L Carnitine

L carnitine and acetyl l carnitine are generic terms for the carnitine. Carnitine is an amino acid found in most of your body cells. Its primary function is to help the body transport fatty acids to the mitochondria in the body where they are turned into energy that your body needs. It is also used in the body to remove waste from your mitochondria.

What Makes L Carnitine and Acetyl L Carnitine Different?

L carnitine helps your body convert fat that you consume into energy to keep your body healthy, making it a perfect supplement for people who exercise regularly, those who work hard jobs throughout the day or those who are very active or are trying to lose body weight.

Acetyl l carnitine helps to keep your brain energized, allowing for better overall body function. While it is meant for younger people, older generations may also see the benefits of reduced chances of dementia and memory loss problems. It also helps to support the function of the nerves in the body and helps the brain functions that work with the nerves in the body stay properly functioning.

What Are the Health Benefits?

Both forms will promote healthy benefits, such as reduced chances of heart disease, promote the better absorption of key vitamins and nutrients the body needs, allow for stronger and larger muscle mass, and improves your cardiovascular system functions. The promotion and boost in energy and metabolism has also been shown to promote more weight loss or at least keep you at your current weight rather than allowing you to gain weight.

Since both come in the form of supplement pills, are they safe to take together? While you should always talk to your doctor before taking any supplements, the simple answer is that they are safe to take together. It is recommended that you take them at different times of the day so that their main purpose can serve the functions needed. By this we mean that you should take the acetyl l carnitine in the morning when you want your brain to be energized and focused, but the l carnitine should not be taken with food as it is best absorbed on an empty stomach. These two supplements can be taken together without interactive drug effects on each other. Although you can take both of these, it is good to know that l carnitine is actually found within the acetyl l carnitine so you may not need to take both.

Can These Harm You?

While most people do not experience side effects, it is good to know what possible side effects come with this supplement. Possible side effects include nausea and vomiting, upset stomach and diarrhea, heart burn, headaches and seizures. Fishy odors of the breath and urine have also been reported. People who are pregnant should talk to their doctor before taking either one.

Both supplements are incredible benefits to your body. By taking each, or by taking supplements that contain each, you are giving your body a boots of energy, pumping up your metabolism, and giving your brain the focused energy it needs to function.

Difference Between Antihistamine and Decongestant

The terms antihistamine and decongestant are often confused with one another and the terms are often interchanged by people. While they are similar, they are two very different terms and you should know what the differences in them are so that when you need one or the other you aren’t reaching for the wrong one or one that won’t work for what you need it to do.

How Do Decongestants Work?

Decongestants are primarily used to help reduce inflammation in the nose, which can cause stuffy feelings and difficulty breathing. When your nasal passages become irritated due to an allergen or virus, your nose tissues begin to swell and the result is often increased fluids in the nose, including mucus. Because there is so much extra moisture in your nose, it can be hard to breathe. Decongestants reduce the amount of swelling to help give you better air flow through your nose. The most common forms of decongestants are in pill form and nasal sprays. Decongestants can keep you more awake and can cause difficulty with sleeping. Higher blood pressure levels and headaches are common when taking decongestants for more than three days. People with high blood pressure or heart conditions should consult a doctor before taking.

What About Antihistamines?

Antihistamines help to prevent histamines in your nasal passages from swelling, which causes itching. Histamines cause you to sneeze, have funny feelings in your nose, and can promote swelling. Antihistamines work by blocking the receptors of the histamines that cause the inflammation and swelling. Most antihistamines come in pill form, the major drawback being that most make you drowsy. Most antihistamines are prescribed or recommended to be taken only when you are ready for bed. Other side effects that are common can include a dry mouth, vertigo (dizzy feelings) and a headache upon waking. You may also experience feelings of nervousness or anxiety if taken for more than a few days. Some people have also reported shakiness when they stopped taking an antihistamine after more than the recommended days of use.

Many people have problems with both congestion and histamines. In cases like this, it is possible that you may want to take both an antihistamine and a decongestant. While there are some on the market that are time released to help your body regulate the awake and tired feelings, most doctors will recommend taking a decongestant in the morning to help keep you awake (taking one with a little antihistamine medication is recommended) and then taking an antihistamine for the night due to the effects of drowsiness. You and your doctor may wish to adjust the amount taken or the time of day taken to find a combination that works for you. Always stop taking and talk to your doctor if you experience symptoms that are not common or if you feel the symptoms you have are affecting your health.

It is best that you talk to your doctor if you have other medical complications, are pregnant, or if you are taking other medications.

18 Extraordinary Statistics for Rohypnol

Rohypnol, which is often referred to by its street name “roofies,” is a depressant that has been used for several decades. Those who take the drug become very tired and often pass out with no memory of what happened after taking the drug. It’s been used as part of a drug combination to commit date rape or sexual assaults, but there are regular users who take rohypnol for personal use as well.

Facts About Rohypnol

1. The average cost per dose of rohypnol: $5.
2. 15-20 minutes. That’s the amount of time it takes for rohypnol to take effect. It can last for up to 12 hours.
3. 1%. That’s the percentage of high school students who say that they have used rohypnol at least once in the last year from 2009 data.
4. Rohypnol seizures were at their highest in 1995, with 164,534 dosage units, and have since decreased to 4,967 units in 2000.
5. 3 out of 4 men in college say that they were drinking and using drugs when they were involved in a date rape incident. 55% of women say the same thing.
6. 9 out of 10 complete rape incidents on college campuses in the US occur when alcohol has been used by at least one of the two people involved.
7. Distribution of 1g of rohypnol has a federal penalty of 20 years in prison.
8. 3-5 days. That’s how long it takes to detox from a rohypnol physical addiction. Although 1 dose will not generally cause addictive symptoms, the drug is a benzodiazepine and can create a strong physical addiction with chronic use.
9. The evidence of rohypnol ingestion will leave the body within 72 hours.
10. About 15% of women say that they experience the most sexual advances from men when they feel impaired because of drugs or alcohol.
11. The percentage of college students who say that rohypnol is the least dangerous drug that is used in social settings: 6%.
12. 1 in 3 men say they would use rohypnol to facilitate a date rape if it could be guaranteed that they wouldn’t be caught afterward.
13. When compared to Valium, rohypnol is 10x stronger with its depressive effects.
14. 87% of women who experienced acquaintance or date rape or sexual violence knew their perpetrator on a personal level.
15. Nearly half of all reports of date rape occur with a wife reporting her husband for the crime.
16. 1 in 4 women in the 18-24 age demographic will be sexually attacked at least once in their lives by someone who is close to them.
17. 1 in 5 women who don’t report date rape say that they gave into a man’s unwanted sexual advances because they were tired of arguing about it.
18. In Australia, for those detained for drug crime, almost 60% stated that they knew about rohypnol, but only 1% of detainees were actually found in possession of the drug.

In the past, it was common to dissolve rohypnol in alcohol or other drinks because it was undetectable. In 1997, the formulation of the drug changed so that the tablets would leave a blue coloration instead. This makes it easier to detect in most alcoholic drinks, but doesn’t completely eliminate all of the risks.

As the facts about rohypnol show, this illicit drug is commonly used in the US even thought it is not approved or manufactured for medical use. All rohypnol in the United States is imported.

How Can You Protect Yourself?

The #1 best way to prevent unintended rohypnol ingestion is to never abandon a drink. If you do leave a drink unattended, then the best option is to just get a new drink to protect yourself. In large social situations, it is also a good idea to avoid punch bowls or drinks from open containers, especially if the color of the drink happens to be blue. Always watch a bartender open a bottle and pour a drink.

The risk of sexual assault is high with rohypnol, but there can be other health issues that occur as well. Unwanted sexual contact may spread an STI or STD. Those who take it may also experience reverse effects, such as enhanced aggression, that may also lead to legal trouble. Nightmares and persistent headaches are also common.

If you suspect you may have ingested rohypnol, then seek out help right away. It could be a choice that saves your life.

Difference Between Flu Shot and Mist

No one likes getting sick with a cold. We don’t want to get the flu. So we must take precautions to avoid this nuisance of an illness. First we have to start with washing our hands often and staying away from sick people. Though often times just a setback health wise, the flu can be deadly at times. It is more prevalent from October through the May.

Risks of Catching the Flu

The flu can be passed on to others though close contact coughing and sneezing and touching infected surfaces and then touching your mouth or eyes. This is where hand-washing comes in at. But most people choose to not just rely on this method. They want to get something that will ward off the flu should they come into contact with the germ. They opt to get a vaccine that protects them from the various strains of influenza. Most people start getting their vaccines in the beginning of October.

The estimates that 200,000 people get admitted to the hospital each year for severe flu symptoms with thousands of them dying from complications. They recommend that anyone over the age of 6 month and healthy enough to receive it should get their vaccines. The people that are the most at risk for getting complications are the elderly, young and pregnant women. The flu vaccine come in two forms, a nasal spray or shot.

Choosing the Right Method

When administered the flu vaccine creates antibodies in the body within a two week period. This provides protection from infection should the virus enter your body. Each vaccine covers multiple strains of the influenza virus. The main flu vaccine that is administered is the flu shot. This shot is approved for people 6 month and up. You cannot get the flu virus from the vaccine because the virus is inactive and weakened.

Another option for administering the flu vaccine is through a mist. This mist protects you from the same strains of the flu virus as the shot. The mist is usually for healthy between the ages of 2-8. But it is approved for use for people 2-49 years of age.

This type of vaccine does contain live viruses so that is why you must be healthy at the time of administration of it. Though it is very rare that the mist will cause the flu to occur in the recipient. Though the it does contain live viruses they are weakened have lost their disease causing capabilities.

You shouldn’t take the mist if you are allergic to eggs, pregnant or unhealthy. If your immune system is compromised in any way you should steer clear of the mist and opt for the shot. You may experience a runny nose, congestion, or cough after the mist is administered but that should pass.

Both methods have their place and make more or less sense to use based on your situation. The doctor will decide which one is best for you. Keep in mind that with the flu shot it can take up to 2 weeks to become fully effective. This could leave you open to acquiring the flu within that time period. You need to be careful and mindful of your interactions with others and keep your hands clean. Though both can cause flu like symptoms they will not give you the flu.

17 Amazing Statistics on Shrooms

Psilocybin is the primary ingredient of note in magic mushrooms, often just called “Shrooms,” is often taken to help people have an amazing experience. It’s often described as transcending both space and time, but it can also turn into a bad trip. Too much psilocybin can cause anxiety and fear, causing someone to act out in unnatural, violent tendencies.

Facts About Magic Mushrooms

1. 61% of volunteers in a recent study considered the psilocybin experience during either or both of the highest dosage sessions they received to have been the single most spiritually significant of their lives.
2. 83% of people said that shrooms gave them a Top 5 lifetime spiritual experience.
3. 94% of those who have taken shrooms said that the experience altered their life in a positive way.
4. 89% rated moderate or higher changes in positive behavior and these rates were consistent after a 14 month follow-up period.
5. 9.2% of high school seniors in the United States used hallucinogens other than LSD at least once in their lives, a category that includes shrooms.
6. 20 minutes. That’s how long it takes for the effects of magic mushrooms to begin kicking in. The effects can last for up to 6 hours.
7. There are more than 14,000 different known species of mushroom on Earth, and only a tiny fraction of these are psychedelic. At least 144 species of mushroom contain the psychoactive ingredient psilocybin that are known.
8. Hallucinogens are the least frequently seen drug in rehabilitation centers in west and central Europe, accounting for just 0.3% of treatment requests.
9. 7.2% of the 16-59 year old population in England and Wales admitted taking magic mushrooms at some point in their lives. That’s 25% higher than 20 years ago.
10. 0.1% of the general population said that they had taken in magic mushrooms during the last 30 days. In the 16-24 age demographic, there was a 3x higher response rate for recent shrooms use.
11. Magic mushrooms are not known to be addictive like other drugs in the same classification tend to be.
12. LSD is 100x more potent than the average dose of shrooms.
13. In Canada, a 1999 survey of high school students in Ontario found that 13.8% reported having tried “hallucinogens other than LSD or PCP such as psilocybin or mescaline.”
14. Men are 3x more likely to regularly use shrooms than women.
15. While under the influence of the shrooms, the brain synchronizes activity among areas that would not normally be connected.
16. Mice given magic mushrooms were less likely to freeze in fearful situations than mice than not tripping on the shrooms. It is thought that small doses of shrooms could be useful in treating PTSD, especially in combat veterans.
17. Only 4 species of magic mushrooms grow in Africa. Latin America and the Caribbean have the most, with over 50 different fungi species.

The results of taking too many shrooms can be deadly. Tony Robinson of Madison, WI was killed by police after allegedly assaulting others and darting dangerously in and out of traffic. When the correct amount of shrooms is ingested, then it can be a life altering experience. When the wrong amount is ingested, someone might just do something crazy, attack someone, and wind up paying with their life.

Are the drugs to blame for a bad trip? Or is it the decisions made that lead to taking too many shrooms in the first place?

What Could Shrooms Do For People?

When carefully controlled, research has consistently indicated that shrooms can change people’s lives in a positive way. Before the substances were banned in the US, research at Harvard was similar to what recent research has indicated. When people take low doses of magic mushrooms, they have long-term memories that are more positive and spiritually emphasized.

The facts about shrooms show that they seem to have become a victim on the war on drugs just like marijuana. Although cases like those in Madison, WI highlight the dangers of an overdose on shrooms, the positive impact they can make cannot be ignored. In the Harvard studies, people 6 months later fondly recalled having intense experiences at church after taking shrooms. Current research shows positive memories linger 14 months or longer.

It could even change how PTSD is treated. Shrooms might be able to create fear, but we shouldn’t be afraid of how they are abused. We should instead be looking at how we can use them for the benefit of all.

Difference Between Juvederm and Restylane

In this world of never aging Beverly Hills housewives cosmetics procedures have become as normal as your morning coffee. People are constantly looking for a way to stay young and look young. The fountain of youth can be found in the form of an injectable filler which is sometimes referred to as dermal filler. Injectable/Dermal fillers are soft tissue fillers that fill in deep lines and plump up the face for a smoother appearance. These fillers are temporary since the body will eventually absorb them.


Juvederm is an injectable filler approved by the back in 2006. It is used to remove laugh/smile lines. It contains hyaluronic acid which is a naturally occurring substance found in skin, muscles and tendons. Since hyaluronic acid is natural the body will absorb it completely within a 6-9 month period. The patient at that time will need to get another treatment done to maintain their youthful appearance. Juvederm can also be used to plump the lips.

The reason Juvederm works so well is because hyaluronic acid can absorb up to 1000 times its weight in water. This is what adds volume to aging skin by binding with collagen. The side effects from Juvederm are usually what you would expect. There may be redness, pain, and tenderness that may occur during the injection process. There could also be bruising and swelling in the injection area. Occasionally a serious side effect can occur in the immune system causing lumps in the treated area. Juvederm should not be used by people that suffer from severe allergies.

Juvederm is a smooth textured compound that comes in different intensity levels. Making it a top choice of dermal fillers, for the lips. The results of Juvederm tend to last 6-12 months and it costs between $450-$600 per treatment.


Restylane was first to the market in the injectable filler arena. It contains hyaluronic acid and is approved by the . It can be used for enhancing lips, diminishing wrinkles and “crow’s feet.” It revitalizes the skin by increasing elasticity. Restylane is harder to mold so it makes it perfect for the under eye area. It comes in different intensities to treat various areas of the face.

Restylane takes 30 minutes to inject and is a quick process. The results last 6-12 months and treatment runs between $650-$800. Restylane is a pretty versatile product and can be used on several parts of the face. Though should one of the typical side effects occur, it can take up to 3 days for it to subside.

Juvederm and Restylane are pretty much identical in how they work. Restylane has been on the market longer and thus has more of a trust behind it. It isn’t as malleable as Juvederm so it can be used in many different places. They are both safe and cause little to no side effects. The end results last about the same about of time. So it basically comes down to what you and your doctor think is best for your situation.