One of the most rare, but threatening syndromes in dealing with the brain’s function, is Rett Syndrome. Although the syndrome isn’t a commonly experienced phenomena, knowing what it entails and taking preventive steps can prevent the syndrome to affect somebody you love.
What It Is
Rett Syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the brain’s functions, like communication and hand-eye coordination. The syndrome has symptoms that appear regular within six months of a child’s birth, however after this duration movement and eyesight difficulties appear. Common symptoms first appear in children, with difficulty growth development being one of the most popular symptoms. As a child grows, areas are more noticeably less developed growth wise than others. Abnormal hand movements are also common with people who have Rett Syndrome.
Stages of Rett Syndrome
The severity of Rett Syndrome is split into four stages, with stage 1 being the most overlooked. Within stage 1, symptoms are easily overlooked or disregarded, as they are common with infants. Generally occurs 1-2 years old. Once stage 2 occurs, however the symptoms appear more prevalent, forcing those affected to lose the ability to speak and move on their own. Generally occurs within 2-4 years old. Stage 3 occurs from 2-10 years old, while talking and movements increase, irritability towards the syndrome is significantly decreased. Stage 4 follows affected persons through the rest of their life, their mobility and speaking skills still on the decline. Rapid hand movements, however may be decreased and maintained with stability. Rett Syndrome is genetic, however only in few occurrences is it inherited. Although Rett usually occurs in girls, some cases do have male occurrences. These usually result in drastic results, like death in infancy and pre- birth, as boys chromosomes are affected in different ways than girls. Genetic mutations are generally causes of Rett, them occurring at random times, that aren’t regulated. Treatment for Rett Syndrome is available through therapy and medication, however an exact solution for curing isn’t available yet.
Unfortunately, Rett Syndrome occurrences diminish the life range of persons affected. Most male patients will die within infancy years, and girls will be forced to live with uncontrolled movements that can result in convulsion/seizures. The life expectancy is undetermined, as both sudden death occurrences and regular death occurrences are tied with Rett. Generally, if a person with Rett does live past childhood, they will require aid for the rest of their life, dealing with regular movements like walking and going to the bathroom.